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essay高分秘诀!专业代写机构总结(附:案例)

Dueduedue官方博客2017-07-31essay代写 512 0A+A-

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这里要谈的英文作文主要是以美语为主。英文作文(Essay)分成四种文体:说明文(Expository Essay)、论说文(Argumentative Essay)、抒情文(Descriptive Essay)、记叙文(Narrative Essay)。比较常考的是Expository Essay及Argumentative Essay,这里就分享这两种文体的写作方法。

Expository Essay是用事实来说明或解释某个主题;Argumentative Essay则是要对某个议题采取赞成或反对的立场,你必须选择一个坚定的立场去论述你的想法及观点,以说服读者。只要文章构架正确,对自己陈述的论点言之有物,再注意文法及用字,基本上就已掌握了成功关键。

书写以前

1.为自己想好的标题命名,写在纸张的正中央上方,简短贴切为原则。

2.脑力激荡:看到文章标题或主题,你的脑袋瓜会出现什么?花一分钟的时间思考,想到什么就把关键字或关键片语写在空白纸上,时间一到就停止想,开始组织你写下来的思考重点,圈出你要在文章里发挥的要点,同性质或重复的重点不要圈选,用你圈选的数据规画大纲。

3.开始打草稿

4.正式书写

文章构架

1.每一段开头都要先空两格,才开始写字,段落之间要有空一行的间距

2.第一段(Introductory Paragraph)扮演的功能就是「开门见山」,直接清楚地介绍你要在这篇文章谈论的话题及纲要。开始的第一句话要写topic sentence,这句话要点出标题并直接告诉读者整篇文章的目的,例如:There are several advantages to growing up in a small town(在小城镇里长大有其优点),看到这句话读者马上可以理解本篇文章的目的是要说明在小城镇里长大的优点。而最后一句话要写thesis statement,也就是用一句话陈述接下来第2~4段你要谈的重点是什么。

3.第2~4段为Evidentiary Body Paragraphs,所要发挥的功能就是提供证据或有力的事实来阐述及支持你的thesis statement。

(1)第二段(Body Paragraph One)第一句话通常用转折语来开头,引领读者阅读你的第一个有力证据或事实,然后开始详述这个事实,不要离题。最后一句要总结整段所谈论的重点。

(2)第三段(Body Paragraph Two)写法与上段完全相同,主要是详述你的第二个事实。

(3)第四段(Body Paragraph Three)写法与第二段完全相同,主要是详述你的第三个事实。

4.最后一段为结论(Conclusion):除了总结整篇文章,你也可以补充一些信息让读者有更多省思,最后一句是整篇的结尾,你可以把文章结束的很漂亮,表现出「以上我所说的一切头头是道」的那种概念。

连贯流畅

除了构架正确,还要留意段落之间或上下句之间是否有连贯、合逻辑、连接的是否流畅,使用适当的连接词、转折语、副词等就能增加连贯与流畅的功能,以下面一段为例,斜体字的部分就是扮演该段连贯流畅功能的词汇:

Why I Don't Make My Bed

Ever since I moved into my own apartment last fall,I have gotten out of the habit of making my bed--except on Fridays,of course,when I change the sheets.Although some people may think that I am a slob,I have some sound reasons for breaking the bed-making habit.In the first place,I am not concerned about maintaining a tidy bedroom because no one except me ever ventures in there.If there is ever a fire inspection or a surprise date,I suppose I can dash in there to fluff up the pillow and slap on a spread.Otherwise,I am not bothered.In addition,I find nothing uncomfortable about crawling into a rumpled mass of sheets and blankets.On the contrary,I enjoy poking out a cozy space for myself before drifting off to sleep.Also,I think that a tightly made bed is downright uncomfortable: entering one makes me feel like a loaf of bread being wrapped and sealed.Finally,and most importantly,I think bed-making is an awful way to waste time in the morning.I would rather spend those precious minutes checking my email or feeding the cat than tucking in corners or snapping the spread.

用字选择

千万别卖弄文字、使用艰深难懂或不普遍的文字,有些学生以为多写些艰深的英文字可以证明自己高超的英文字汇程度,而得高分,那就大错特错了。说明文主要的目标是要将内容解释清楚,论说文则要呈现你的论点言之有物、令人信服,让读者看懂才是最重要的,所以必须把握以下用字原则:

1.简单易懂,读者一目了然。

2.美语人士习惯用的字汇:这个就要靠平常大量阅读专业美语人士写的报章杂志、教科书、文章…等,才能体会,需要长时间经验累积,自然能知道用哪些字较妥当,这个真的就不是一下子能学的来的东西了。

3.尽量不要重复使用相同的字,可用其他同义字取代

4.使用字汇的深度或习惯要尽量一致,如果文章里有时用过时的字、有时用现代常用字、有时用深难字、有时用很简单的字,整篇文章用字看起来会很乱,很不一致。最保险的做法就是全部用现代普遍使用的字即可,才有一致性。如果你硬要将字汇升级,那就得整篇字汇都升级,像哈利波特小说里的那些用字一样,你得确定你有能力选对这些字,否则就自找麻烦了。

地道美语

学会用美语思考,才能写出地道美语的口气,有些人写的文章,看起来就是洋泾滨英语,是先用中文思考再直翻成英文的写法,常出现台式英语的状况。常常看一篇文章,很容易可以看出来是否美语人士写的,这是一种美语文化及环境历练的结果,很难用三言两语来形容,除了大量阅读美语人士的文章(较有文学、语言教学、或教育背景的美语人士)来体会,最好向接触美国环境较久的中籍老师或有英语教学背景的美籍教师学习美语写作,这是很严谨的话题,写作老师必须本科系毕,不是美籍人士就可以教导作文,一般美国人的文法是很差的,除非是英文系或英语教学系毕业。

修改

最好在考试结束前10分钟就书写完毕,利用10分钟反复阅读,并修改错误,最好是读出文章,感受念出来是否够顺,否则就在心里读即可。读越多次越好,越能找出疏漏及错误,最后大功告成。

范文参考:Argumentative Essay

Health and Healing at Your Fingertips

轻而易举的保健与医疗

Throw out the bottles and boxes of drugs in your house.A new theory suggests that medicine could be bad for your health,which should at least come as good news to people who cannot afford to buy expensive medicine.However,it is a blow to the medicine industry,and an even bigger blow to our confidence in the progress of science.This new theory argues that healing is at our fingertips: we can be healthy by doing Reiki on a regular basis.

Supporters of medical treatment argue that medicine should be trusted since it is effective and scientifically proven.They say that there is no need for spiritual methods such as Reiki,Yoga,and Tai Chi.These methods waste our time,something which is quite precious in our material world.There is medicine that can kill our pain,x-rays that show us our fractured bones,or MRI that scans our brain for tumors.We must admit that these methods are very effective in the examples that they provide.However,there are some“every day complaints”such as back pains,headaches,and insomnia,which are treated currently with medicine.When you have a headache,you take an Aspirin or Vermidon.When you cannot sleep,you take Xanax without thinking of the side effects of these.When you use these pills for a long period,you become addicted to them;you cannot sleep without them.We pay huge amounts of money and become addicted instead of getting better.How about a safer and more economical way of healing?When doing Reiki to yourself,you do not need anything except your energy,so it is very economical.As for its history,it was discovered in Japan in the early 1900s and its popularity has spread particularly throughout America and Western Europe.In quantum physics,energy is recognized as the fundamental substance of which the universe is composed.Reiki depends on the energy within our bodies.It is a simple and effective way of restoring the energy flow.There are no side effects and it is scientifically explained.

Opponents of alternative healing methods also claim that serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and cancer cannot be treated without drugs.They think so because these patients spend the rest of their lives in the hospital taking medicine.How can Reiki make these people healthy again?It is very unfortunate that these patients have to live in the hospital losing their hair because of chemotherapy and losing weight because of the side effects of the medicine they take.Actually,it is a common knowledge that except for when the cancer is diagnosed at an early stage,drugs also cannot treat AIDS or cancer.Most of the medicine these patients use are to ease their pain and their sufferings because of the medical treatment they undergo.Instead of drugs which are expensive and have many side effects,you can use your energy to overcome the hardships of life,find an emotional balance,leave the stress of everyday life,and let go of the everyday worries.Most of the chronic conditions such as eczema or migraine are known to have causes such as poor diet and stress.Deep-rooted anger or other strong emotions can contribute to viral infections as well.Since balancing our emotions and controlling our thoughts are very important for our well-being,we should definitely start learning Reiki and avoid illnesses before it is too late.

Some people may still maintain that in our material world,everything depends on time.It is even“lacking time”that causes much of the stress that leads to the illnesses we mentioned.How would it be possible to find time to do Reiki to ourselves and find the people around us when we cannot even find time to go to the theater?This is one good thing about Reiki;it does not require more than 15 minutes of our time.There is no need for changing clothes or special equipment.It is a wonderfully simple healing art,an effective method of relaxation and stress-relief.Most important of all,it is less time consuming than medicine if we think of all the time we spend taking medicine for some complaints and taking some more for the side effects as well.

Having said these,resistance to Reiki would be quite illogical.Reiki is natural and drug-free.What is more,it is easy to learn by anyone,regardless of age and experience.It can be used anywhere,anytime.It also enhances physical,mental,emotional and spiritual well-being,and the benefits last a lifetime.It is definitely high time to get away from the drug boxes we store in our drug cabinet!

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