这里要谈的英文作文主要是以美语为主。英文作文（Essay）分成四种文体：说明文（Expository Essay）、论说文（Argumentative Essay）、抒情文（Descriptive Essay）、记叙文（Narrative Essay）。比较常考的是Expository Essay及Argumentative Essay，这里就分享这两种文体的写作方法。
Expository Essay是用事实来说明或解释某个主题；Argumentative Essay则是要对某个议题采取赞成或反对的立场，你必须选择一个坚定的立场去论述你的想法及观点，以说服读者。只要文章构架正确，对自己陈述的论点言之有物，再注意文法及用字，基本上就已掌握了成功关键。
2.第一段（Introductory Paragraph）扮演的功能就是「开门见山」，直接清楚地介绍你要在这篇文章谈论的话题及纲要。开始的第一句话要写topic sentence，这句话要点出标题并直接告诉读者整篇文章的目的，例如：There are several advantages to growing up in a small town（在小城镇里长大有其优点），看到这句话读者马上可以理解本篇文章的目的是要说明在小城镇里长大的优点。而最后一句话要写thesis statement，也就是用一句话陈述接下来第2~4段你要谈的重点是什么。
3.第2~4段为Evidentiary Body Paragraphs，所要发挥的功能就是提供证据或有力的事实来阐述及支持你的thesis statement。
（1）第二段（Body Paragraph One）第一句话通常用转折语来开头，引领读者阅读你的第一个有力证据或事实，然后开始详述这个事实，不要离题。最后一句要总结整段所谈论的重点。
（2）第三段（Body Paragraph Two）写法与上段完全相同，主要是详述你的第二个事实。
（3）第四段（Body Paragraph Three）写法与第二段完全相同，主要是详述你的第三个事实。
Why I Don't Make My Bed
Ever since I moved into my own apartment last fall，I have gotten out of the habit of making my bed--except on Fridays，of course，when I change the sheets.Although some people may think that I am a slob，I have some sound reasons for breaking the bed-making habit.In the first place，I am not concerned about maintaining a tidy bedroom because no one except me ever ventures in there.If there is ever a fire inspection or a surprise date，I suppose I can dash in there to fluff up the pillow and slap on a spread.Otherwise，I am not bothered.In addition，I find nothing uncomfortable about crawling into a rumpled mass of sheets and blankets.On the contrary，I enjoy poking out a cozy space for myself before drifting off to sleep.Also，I think that a tightly made bed is downright uncomfortable: entering one makes me feel like a loaf of bread being wrapped and sealed.Finally，and most importantly，I think bed-making is an awful way to waste time in the morning.I would rather spend those precious minutes checking my email or feeding the cat than tucking in corners or snapping the spread.
Health and Healing at Your Fingertips
Throw out the bottles and boxes of drugs in your house.A new theory suggests that medicine could be bad for your health，which should at least come as good news to people who cannot afford to buy expensive medicine.However，it is a blow to the medicine industry，and an even bigger blow to our confidence in the progress of science.This new theory argues that healing is at our fingertips: we can be healthy by doing Reiki on a regular basis.
Supporters of medical treatment argue that medicine should be trusted since it is effective and scientifically proven.They say that there is no need for spiritual methods such as Reiki，Yoga，and Tai Chi.These methods waste our time，something which is quite precious in our material world.There is medicine that can kill our pain，x-rays that show us our fractured bones，or MRI that scans our brain for tumors.We must admit that these methods are very effective in the examples that they provide.However，there are some“every day complaints”such as back pains，headaches，and insomnia，which are treated currently with medicine.When you have a headache，you take an Aspirin or Vermidon.When you cannot sleep，you take Xanax without thinking of the side effects of these.When you use these pills for a long period，you become addicted to them；you cannot sleep without them.We pay huge amounts of money and become addicted instead of getting better.How about a safer and more economical way of healing？When doing Reiki to yourself，you do not need anything except your energy，so it is very economical.As for its history，it was discovered in Japan in the early 1900s and its popularity has spread particularly throughout America and Western Europe.In quantum physics，energy is recognized as the fundamental substance of which the universe is composed.Reiki depends on the energy within our bodies.It is a simple and effective way of restoring the energy flow.There are no side effects and it is scientifically explained.
Opponents of alternative healing methods also claim that serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and cancer cannot be treated without drugs.They think so because these patients spend the rest of their lives in the hospital taking medicine.How can Reiki make these people healthy again？It is very unfortunate that these patients have to live in the hospital losing their hair because of chemotherapy and losing weight because of the side effects of the medicine they take.Actually，it is a common knowledge that except for when the cancer is diagnosed at an early stage，drugs also cannot treat AIDS or cancer.Most of the medicine these patients use are to ease their pain and their sufferings because of the medical treatment they undergo.Instead of drugs which are expensive and have many side effects，you can use your energy to overcome the hardships of life，find an emotional balance，leave the stress of everyday life，and let go of the everyday worries.Most of the chronic conditions such as eczema or migraine are known to have causes such as poor diet and stress.Deep-rooted anger or other strong emotions can contribute to viral infections as well.Since balancing our emotions and controlling our thoughts are very important for our well-being，we should definitely start learning Reiki and avoid illnesses before it is too late.
Some people may still maintain that in our material world，everything depends on time.It is even“lacking time”that causes much of the stress that leads to the illnesses we mentioned.How would it be possible to find time to do Reiki to ourselves and find the people around us when we cannot even find time to go to the theater？This is one good thing about Reiki；it does not require more than 15 minutes of our time.There is no need for changing clothes or special equipment.It is a wonderfully simple healing art，an effective method of relaxation and stress-relief.Most important of all，it is less time consuming than medicine if we think of all the time we spend taking medicine for some complaints and taking some more for the side effects as well.
Having said these，resistance to Reiki would be quite illogical.Reiki is natural and drug-free.What is more，it is easy to learn by anyone，regardless of age and experience.It can be used anywhere，anytime.It also enhances physical，mental，emotional and spiritual well-being，and the benefits last a lifetime.It is definitely high time to get away from the drug boxes we store in our drug cabinet！