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Essay写作中“宾语”如何描述准确?

Dueduedue官方博客2018-04-24essay代写 404 0A+A-

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宾语从句句型

【句型44】主语+及物动词+that-从句

【佳句存盘】

1. The letter says(that)they are arriving on Sunday.

信上说,他们将在星期天到达。

2. I don』t think(that)you are right. 我想你是不对的。

3. We thought it a pity that Li Tiantian missed the chance.

我们认为,李甜甜失去这次机会很可惜。

4. We think it wrong that he told a lie to everyone.

我们认为,他对每一个人都说了谎是错误的。

5. He told me that he was wrong. 他告诉我说他错了。

6. I am afraid that I have failed the exam. 我担心考砸了。

7. She made sure that she had turn off the gas. 她确信她关了煤气。

【写作点津】

在动词 say, think, hope, suppose, believe, expect, explain, hear, know, wonder, find, regret, forget, remember, decide等后可接 that 引导的宾语从句,that常可省略。此外还要注意以下几点:

  1. 若宾语从句后还有补足语,要用 it作形式宾语,而把宾语从句放在句尾,如例句3和例句4。

  2. 在 think, believe, expect, suppose 等动词后,要注意否定转移现象,如例句2。

  3. 有些具有动词含义的形容词后也可接 that 从句,如例句6和例句7。

  4. 主句是过去式,从句中也要用过去的某种时态(客观真理除外)。

Exercise 44

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 他发现他的英语太差了。

  2. 刘芹决定当个护士。

  3. 我猜想你对政治不感兴趣。

  4. 我们认为他们在课堂上打架真不光彩。

  5. 我们对她不辞而别感到奇怪。

参考答案

  1. He found that his English was too poor.

  2. Liu Qin decides that she is going to be a nurse.

  3. I imagine that you』re not interested in politics.

  4. We thought it a shame they fought against each other in class.

  5. We fell it strange that she should leave without saying good-bye.

【句型45】主句+whether/if+从句

【佳句存盘】

1. The teacher asked if anyone was absent. 老师问是否有人缺席。

2. I wonder whether Li Tiantian will come(or not).

我不知道李甜甜会不会来。

【写作点津】

if 和 whether可引导一个表示疑问的宾语从句,二者一般情况下可通用。但要注意:

  1. whether 后紧跟 or not 时,不可用 if 代替。

  2. whether 可用于不定式前,if 不可以。

  3. whether 引导的从句可位于介词之后,if 不可以。

Exercise 45

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 我问她是否有字典。

  2. 我不知道你是否会帮助我。

  3. 我还没有决定我是学英语还是学法语。

  4. 我不知道郭凯是否能按时到这里。

  5. 我不能断定刘磊是否在家。

参考答案

  1. I asked her whether she had a dictionary.

  2. I wonder if you will help me or not.

  3. I haven』t decided whether to learn English or to learn French.

  4. I don』t know whether Guo Kai will be here on time.

  5. I』m not sure whether Liu Lei is at home.

【句型46】主句+连接代词/连接副词+从句

【佳句存盘】

1. No one knows what Li Daiheng is doing. 没有人知道李岱恒在干什么。

2. Fu Yu asks which exercise is the most difficult. 付宇问哪一道练习最难。

3. They were interested in what was going on in the art.

他们对在艺术界发生的事很感兴趣。

4. I take back what I said just now. 我收回刚才说的话。

5. Could you tell me where the booking office is?

你能不能告诉我售票处在什么地方?

【写作点津】

连接代词 who, whom, whose, what, which等和连接副词 when, where, why, how等都可以引导宾语从句。

注意:从句中要用陈述语气。

Exercise 46

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 我出去看看出了什么事。

  2. 我一定要谢谢你为我所做的事。

  3. 你要哪一个就挑选哪一个。

  4. 我想知道你打算怎样去北京。

  5. 老师不明白这个男孩为什么有这么多奇怪的问题。

参考答案

  1. I』ll go out to see what is happening.

  2. I must thank you for what you have done for me.

  3. You may choose whichever you want.

  4. I want to know how you』ll go to Beijing.

  5. The teacher didn』t understand why the boy had so many strange questions.

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