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Essay代写:动词状态下,语句如何表达准确?

Dueduedue官方博客2018-04-18essay代写 554 0A+A-

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一,一般现在时态句型

【句型7】主语+谓语(用动词原形表示)+……

【佳句存盘】

  1. The weather is fine. 今天天气好。

  2. We love our motherland. 我们热爱祖国。

  3. Zhou Wei often gets up early. 周伟常常起得早。

  4. He doesn』t believe that. 他并不相信那个。

  5. Does it seldom snow here?这儿很少下雪吗?

【写作点津】

一般现在时态用动词的现在式(或叫动词原形)表示,其用法有三:

(1)表示现在的事实。例如表示人们现在的感觉和认识,以及事物的性质和状态等。

(2)表示现在的习惯。例如表示人和事物现在的生活习惯以及反覆的动作等。

(3)表示不变的真理。例如「1+1=2」,「太阳从东边升起」等不分时间和空间而永恒不变的真理。

在使用一般现在时态的时候,应特别注意它并不表示此时此刻正在进行的动作。如果要表示这层意思,则要用现在进行时态。

注意:1 当主语是第三人称单数时,谓语动词应加-s。 2 疑问句和否定句的谓语动词变化形式。

Exercise 7

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 姚萍喜欢运动。

  2. 地球绕太阳转。

  3. 我每天骑自行车去上学。

  4. 你多久看一次电影?

  5. 财富未必带来幸福。

参考答案

  1. Yao Ping loves sports.

  2. The earth moves round the sun.

  3. I go to school by bike every day.

  4. How often do you go to see a film?

  5. Wealth does not always bring happiness.

【句型8】主句(一般将来时)+when/if 等从句(一般现在时)

【佳句存盘】

1. I』ll call you as soon as I arrive in Beijing. 我一到北京就会给你打电话的。

2. They won』t come to see us if it rains next Sunday.

如果下星期天下雨,他们就不会来看我们。

3. The teacher will tell you about it when he comes.

老师来的时候会把这件事告诉你的。

4. Chen Jian will accept the job unless the salary is too low.

如果薪金不是太低的话,陈建会接受这份工作的。

【写作点津】

上面的例句都是含有表示时间或条件的状语从句的复合句。主语中用一般将来时,状语从句中用一般现在时。显然,从句中用的一般现在时并不表示现在的事实或习惯,也不表示不变的真理,而是表示将来的动作或状态。在表示时间或条件的状语从句中,通常要用一般现在时表示将来的动作或状态,这是中学生容易出错的语法点,应引起注意。

Exercise 8

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 如果你努力学习,你就一定会通过考试的。

  2. 他们一来到武汉,就会去参观黄鹤楼(the Yellow Crane Tower)。

  3. 如果明天下雨,运动会就会延期。

  4. 除非他病了,否则他一定会参加舞会的。

  5. 如果明天不下雨,我就去那儿。

参考答案

  1. You will pass the examination if you work(study)hard.

  2. As soon as they come to Wuhan, they will visit the Yellow Crane Tower.

  3. If it rains tomorrow, the sports meeting will be put off.

  4. He will certainly come to the dancing party unless he is ill.

  5. I』ll go there tomorrow unless it rains.

二,一般过去时态句型

【句型9】主语+谓语动词(用动词的过去式表示)+……

【佳句存盘】

1. I met him last night. 昨晚我碰见他。

2. Huang Zhen hurried home after class. 下课后黄振就赶忙回家了。

3. Tom was seriously sick that day. 汤姆那天患了重病。

4. Wang Yan often came to help us when she was here.

王艳在这儿时,常来帮助我们。

5. I went to bed at about ten after I did my homework.

我做完作业后大约十点去睡觉。

【写作点津】

一般过去时态表示过去的动作、状态或习惯等,谓语用动词的过去式表示。规则动词的过去式是在动词原形后加-ed,不规则动词的过去式有不规则变化,需要记住。

在一般过去时态的句子中通常有表示过去时间的状语,例如 yesterday, that day, last night, a week ago, at that time, in the past, just now 等。

一般过去时态常易同现在完成时态和过去完成时态混用,在使用时应引起注意。

Exercise 9

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 我们的英语老师在大学时学过德语。

  2. 她告诉我,她并不喜欢那些礼物。

  3. 昨天晚上我们去看你,但你不在家。

  4. 他在作文中出了许多错误。

  5. 去年我去看了他两次。

参考答案

  1. Our English teacher studied German when he was at college.

  2. She told me that she did not like the gifts.

  3. We went to see you last night, but you were not at home.

  4. He made a lot of mistakes in his composition.

  5. I went to see him twice last year.

【句型10】主语+used to+动词原形(过去常常)+……

【佳句存盘】

  1. He used to live in Shanghai. 他过去常住在上海。

  2. She used to be happy and gay. 她过去总是高高兴兴的。

  3. They used to get up late on Sundays. 他们过去总是星期天起得很晚。

  4. She used to come to see me once a week. 她过去总是每周来看我一次。

【写作点津】

「used to+动词原形……」表示过去某段时间内习惯的行为或状态,意思是「过去常常」或「过去总是」,往往暗含「跟现在不同」的意思。

注意:「used to+动词原形……」同「be used to+n/doing」的区别,前者意思是「过去常常」,其中的to 是不定式符号,后跟动词原形;后者意思是「习惯于」,其中的to是介词,后跟名词或动名词,be可以根据需要用不同的时态。

Exercise 10

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 李甜甜过去总是骑自行车来。

  2. 他现在不在这儿工作,但是过去在。

  3. 我过去和她很熟。

  4. 过去学校附近有一个邮局。

  5. 我们年轻的时候常在这个池塘里游泳。

参考答案

  1. Li Tiantian used to come by bike.

  2. He doesn』t work here now, but he used to.

  3. I used to know her very well.

  4. There used to be a post office near the school.

  5. We used to swim in this pool when we were young.

三,一般将来时态句型

【句型11】主语+will/shall+动词原形+……

【佳句存盘】

  1. I shall write him a letter next month.下个月我将给他写信。

  2. You will be free tomorrow morning. 明天早晨你就会有空了。

  3. She will teach you French next term. 下学期她将教你们法语。

  4. They will come to see me this evening. 今晚他们会来看我的。

【写作点津】

一般将来时表示未来的动作或状态,由「助动词 shall(will)+动词原形」构成。主语为第一人称(I 和 we)时,常用「shall+动词原形」,其余人称均用「will+动词原形」。但在美国口语中,不论人称如何,一律用「will+动词原形」。在口语中,will 在名词或代词后常简缩为』ll,否定式will not 常简缩为 won』t。

Exercise 11

Put the following sentences into English.

1 于雷明年将是十七岁了。

2 我会尽力帮助你的。

3 我们永远也不会忘记我们聚在一起的那个日子。

4 下个月我将中学毕业。

5 无论什么时候我有困难,李甜甜都会来帮我。

参考答案

  1. Yu Lei will be 17 years old next year.

  2. I will do my best to help you.

  3. We』ll never forget the day when we get together.

  4. I』ll graduate from middle school next week.

  5. Whenever I』m in trouble, Li Tiantian will come to help me.

【句型12】主语+be going to+动词原形+……

【佳句存盘】

  1. I am going to draw a picture of a horse. 我打算画一匹马。

  2. We are going to make a model plane. 我们准备做一架模型飞机。

  3. She is going to get married next month. 她下个月就要结婚了。

  4. We are going to start this evening. 我们今晚就要出发了。

  5. There is going to be a football match next Saturday.

下周六将有一场足球赛。

【写作点津】

「be going to+动词原形」被普遍地用来表示「接近的未来」,有「就要,即将」或「打算做什么」的意思,也就是说,这个句型既可以表示「主观意图」,也可以表示「客观可能性」,但是不能用来表示「单纯将来」。例如一般不说:I』m going to be 16 next month. 应该说:I』ll be 16 next month.

本句型用来表示「现在将来时」,其中的 be 要用它的现在式,并根据主语的人称而变化。

Exercise 12

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 我认为天会下雪的。

  2. 我会告诉你如何做这个实验。

  3. 今天下午我们要打扫教室。

  4. 明天外宾要来参观我们的工厂。

  5. 你打算怎样过寒假?

参考答案

  1. I think it』s going to snow.

  2. I am going to tell you how to do the experiment.

  3. We』re going to clean the classroom this afternoon.

  4. The foreigners are going to visit our factory tomorrow.

  5. How are you going to spend your winter holiday?

【句型13】主语+be about to+动词原形(即将)+……

【佳句存盘】

1. Hurry up! The train is about to leave. 赶快!火车就要开了。

2. It』s 6︰20. The film is about to begin. 六点二十了,电影就要开始了。

3. Wait a minute. They are about to get ready.

等一等,他们马上就要准备好了。

4. I』m about to leave when the telephone rings.

我正要离开,这时电话铃响了。

【写作点津】

「be about to+动词原形」(= be just going to+动词原形)表示即将发生的动作,但一般不与时间状语连用,例如不可说: The train is about to leave at 6︰30.应该说: The train will leave at 6︰30. 或The train is to leave at 6︰30.

下面各句中的时间状语应删去。

(1)I』m about to go home immediately.

(2)Mike is about to get married next week.

(3)John is about to leave for Canada tonight.

「be about to+动词原形」还可以用过去式,以表示「过去即将」。例如:

He was about to sing,but his mother stopped him.

他正准备唱歌,而他妈妈却不让他唱。

Exercise 13

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 我们要有一次物理考试。

  2. 他就要到上海去。

  3. 我们马上就走。

  4. 会议马上就要开始了。

  5. 我们正要出发,这时突然下起了大雪。

参考答案

  1. We』re about to have a physics exam.

  2. He is about to leave for Shanghai.

  3. We are about to leave.

  4. The meeting is about to begin.

  5. We were about to start, when it snowed heavily.

四,现在进行时句型

【句型14】主语+am/is/are+动词-ing+……

【佳句存盘】

1. Guo Xiang is watching TV now. 现在郭祥正在看电视。

2. They are doing their homework. 他们现在正在做家庭作业。

3. We are reviewing our lessons these days. 这些天我们都在复习功课。

4. Jane is coming to China tomorrow. 明天简就要来中国了。

5. You Shengjuan is always smiling. 尤圣娟总是面带笑容。

【写作点津】

现在进行时主要用来表示现时或现阶段正在进行的动作。例句1和例句2表示现时(此时此刻)正在进行的动作,例句3表示现阶段(这几天里)正在进行的动作。此动作不一定正在此时此刻发生。现在进行时还可以表示即将发生的动作(如例句4),但仅限于少数表示「来往、出发、到达」之类的动词,如arrive, come, go, leave, start 等。此外,现在进行时还可以表示经常性的习惯动作(如例句5),此时常和 always, constantly,continually等副词连用。在这种表示习惯动作的用法中,常常带有说话人的某种感情色彩,如责备、不满、埋怨、赞扬等。又如:

He is always thinking of others. 他总是想着别人。 (表示赞扬)

并不是所有的动词都能使用现在进行时态。那些含有「状态」意义而并不表示动作的动词通常不用这种时态,例如表示「存在」的动词(be, exist)、表示「感官」的动词(hear, see)、表示「情感」的动词(hate, like, love)、表示「认识」的动词(believe, know, remember)等。

请注意,下列各例中的不同动词的用法。

What are you seeing?(误)

What are you looking at?(正)

I am hearing the radio.(误)

I am listening to the radio.(正)

He is finding his key.(误)

He is looking for his key.(正)

Exercise 14

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 他们正在大厅里练唱。

  2. 有人敲门。去看看是谁。

  3. 请等一等,琼斯先生正在会上发言呢。

  4. 有些学生没有听老师讲课,他们在望着窗外。

  5. 你们老是在我的花园里打球,我警告你们下次别再来了。

参考答案

  1. They are practising singing in the hall.

  2. Somebody is knocking at the door. Go and see who it is.

  3. Wait a minute. Mr Jones is speaking(talking)at the meeting.

  4. Some students are not listening to the teacher. They』re looking out of the window.

  5. You are always playing ball in my garden. I warn you not to come again.

五,过去进行时态句型

【句型15】主语+was/were+动词-ing+……

【佳句存盘】

1. I was cleaning the room at that very moment.

当时我正在打扫卫生。

2. We were listening to a lecture at 2︰30 yesterday.

昨天两点半钟我们正在听讲座。

3. What was he doing when you went to see him yesterday?

昨天你去看他的时候他在做什么呢?

4. They were having a meeting when the fire broke out.

发生火灾时他们正在开会。

【写作点津】

过去进行时态表示在过去某一时刻或某一段时间正在进行的动作。这一特定时间一般用表示过去的时间状语来表示,如 then, just then, at that moment, at twelve o』clock, 以及表示过去的 when-从句等。

注意一般过去时态与过去进行时态在用法上的区别。

一般过去时态表示在过去某段时间发生的动作或存在的状态,而过去进行时则表示过去某个时间正在进行的动作。试比较:

It rained hard last night.

昨晚下过大雨。 (强调「下过了」)

It was raining hard last night.

昨晚一直下着大雨。 (强调「一直下着」)

Exercise 15

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 昨天下午两点我们在做实验。

  2. 你知道高明当时在做什么吗?

  3. 我们下火车的时候天正下着大雪。

  4. 我敲门时你们在做什么?

  5. 由于当时我正在读一本有趣的书,所以我不知道外边在发生什么事。

参考答案

  1. We were doing our experiments at 2 p.m. yesterday.

  2. Do you know what Gao Ming was doing at that time?

  3. It was snowing heavily when we got off the train.

  4. What were you doing when I knocked at the door?

  5. As I was reading an interesting book, I didn』t know what was going on outside.

六,现在完成时态句型

【句型16】主语+have/has+过去分词+……

【佳句存盘】

1. I have already posted my letters. 我把信件都邮寄了。

2. He has just finished his work. 他刚刚做完工作。

3. We have learned English for three years. 我们已经学了三年英语。

4. How long have you been ill? 你病了多久了?

5. He has lived here since he came to this city.

自从他到这座城市以来就一直住在这里。

6. I have learned 2000 words since I began to learn English.

我从开始学英语以来至今已学了二千个单词。

7. His parents have gone to Shanghai. 他的父母已经到上海去了。

8. His parents have been to Shanghai. 他的父母亲曾经去过上海。

【写作点津】

现在完成时态的基本概念有二:

(1)表示过去发生的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果。

(2)表示过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。

在使用本句型时,应注意以下几点:

(1)由于现在完成时属于现在时态的范围,因而不能和表示过去的时间状语(如 last week, yesterday等)连用,但可以同 already, never, ever, just, yet 等状语连用。例如不可说:I』ve finished the work last week. 但可说:I』ve already finished the work.

(2)由于现在完成时表示动作的延续过程,因而那些不能表示延续动作的动词(又叫「瞬间动词」)应慎重,特别是不能把这些动词的肯定式同for 或since 引导的时间状语连用。例如不可说:His mother has died for five years. 应该说:His mother died five years ago. 或His mother has been dead for five years. 这是因为die 是瞬间动词,人一断气就死了,死的过程绝不可能延续达五年之久。这类瞬间动词常用的还有:arrive, begin, become, come, go, die, join, leave, marry, receive, start等。

(3)注意现在完成时态和一般过去时态在概念上的区别。前者表示过去发生的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果,强调的是现在的情况;而后者只单纯表示过去的动作或状态,和现在不发生关系。试比较下面的句子:

I have lost my pen. 我的钢笔丢了。 (我现在没有钢笔用了。)

I lost my pen. 我的钢笔丢了。 (只说明过去丢了,不说明现在是否有钢笔。)

Exercise 16

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 今天晚上我写好了三封信。

  2. 他和他的父母去北京了。

  3. 我的祖母已经去世十年了。

  4. 我的哥哥去过美国,他在那儿学习过两年。他现在在上海教书。

  5. 他从中学毕业以后就一直在这家百货商店工作。他从来没有离开过这座城市。

参考答案

  • I have written three letters tonight.

  • He has gone to Beijing with his parents.

  • My grandmother has been dead for ten years.

  • My brother has been to the United States. He studied there for two years. He is teaching in Shanghai now.

  • He has worked in this department store since he graduated from middle school. He has never left this city.

七,过去完成时态句型

【句型17】主语+had+过去分词+……

【佳句存盘】

1. I had seen three English films by the end of last week.

到上周末为止我已经看过三部英语电影了。

2. The concert had already begun before I got the theatre.

我到达剧场之前音乐会早已开始了。

3. Father had been ill for a month when the doctor was sent for.

父亲病了一个多月才去请医生。

4. After I had finished reading, I began to write. 我看完书后就开始写作。

5. No sooner had they arrived in the city than they began to work.

他们一到达这座城市就开始工作。

6. No sooner had he gone to sleep than the telephone rang once more.

他刚一睡着电话铃又响了。

【写作点津】

过去完成时态表示过去某一时间或某一动作之前已经发生或完成的动作(见例句1和例句2);它还可以表示从过去某一时间开始,持续到另一时间的动作或状态(见例句3)。

当一个由after, before 等连词引导的从句表示的动作前后紧接时,由于连词本身已经说明了两个动作发生的先后关系,所以这两个动作都可以用一般过去时表示。如例句4就可以改为:After I finished reading, I began to write.

注意:过去完成时是一种相对的时态,也就是说,只有在与过去时间(或动作)相比较时,才能使用过去完成时态,以表示「过去的过去」这一概念。有的学生常把过去完成时用来表示单纯的过去,这种常见的错误就是因为没有掌握「过去的过去」这一概念而产生的,因而把一般过去时态同过去完成时态混用了。例如:

He had received a letter yesterday.(误)

He received a letter yesterday.(正)

Exercise 17

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 她说她以前从来没有见过那位先生。

  2. 我到达时,史密斯先生已经离开了办公室。

  3. 我服了这种药后感觉舒服多了。

  4. 这孩子拒绝告诉他的妈妈他是从哪里搞来这些钱的。

  5. 到去年年底为止,大约有160人死于车祸。

参考答案

  1. She said that she had never met that gentleman before.

  2. When I arrived, Mr Smith had left the office already.

  3. I felt much better after I had taken the medicine.

  4. The child refused to tell his mother where he had got the money.

  5. By the end of last year, about 160 people had been killed in traffic accidents.

八,过去将来时态句型

【句型18】主语+would/was going to+动词原形+……

【佳句存盘】

1. He said he would come to see us. 他曾说过他要来看我们的。

2. She thought the plane wouldn』t take off. 她曾以为飞机不会起飞了。

3. Whenever Tong Kai had time, he would help me with my study.

每当同凯有时间,他总是帮助我学习。

4. Li Tiantian said she was going to start the next morning.

李甜甜说她打算第二天早上就起程。

5. Liu Hengyan told me that there was going to be a concert this evening.

刘恒严告诉我今晚将有一场音乐会。

【写作点津】

过去将来时态表示从过去某一时间来看将要发生的动作和状态。它是一种相对的时态,总是同某一过去的时间或过去的动作相对应而存在,因此,这个时态大多用在宾语从句中。

过去将来时还可以用来表示过去习惯性动作,如例句3中的 would help。

Exercise 18

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 他们相信他们将会赢得这场足球赛。

  2. 没有人知道会议将于何时开始。

  3. 我想在下次会上你会同意我的。

  4. 我告诉她不要担忧。我们肯定会好好照顾她的孩子的。

  5. 我们期待那位老教授将会给我们一些如何学好英语的意见。

参考答案

  1. They were sure they would win the football game.

  2. No one knew when the meeting would begin.

  3. I thought you would agree with me at the next meeting.

  4. I told her not to worry. We would surely take good care of her child.

  5. We expected that the old professor would give us some advice on how to learn English well.

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