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Essay文章中【定语从句】句型有哪些?

Dueduedue官方博客2018-04-26essay代写 490 0A+A-

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Essay文章中定语从句句型该怎么写?

【句型62】先行词+关系代词+从句

【佳句存盘】

1. The child who is reading there is the monitor.

在那儿读书的那个孩子是班长。

2. The child whom you met at the gate is the monitor.

在校门口你碰到的那个孩子是班长。

3. The child whose mother died in the war is now the monitor.

其母亲在战争中死去的那个孩子现在是班长。

4. The film which we saw last night was wonderful.

昨天晚上我们看的那场电影太好了。

5. He lives in a room whose window opens to the south.

他住在一间窗户朝南开的房间里。

6. He is not the man that we can trust.

他不是我们能够信任的那种人。

7. The book that you lent me yesterday is very interesting.

你昨天借给我的书非常有趣。

8. This is the best film that I have ever seen.

这是我所看到的最好的一场电影。

9. They thought over all that the professor had said.

他们对教授所说的话都仔细地考虑过。

【写作点津】

定语从句所修饰的先行词如果是「人」,则从句要用who, whom, whose, that来引导;如果定语从句所修饰的先行词是「物」,则从句要用which, whose, that 来引导。 that 或 which可通用,但要注意两点:

  1. 非限制性定语从句不能用 that 引导,只能用 which 指物,用 who/whom 指人。

  2. 介词后的关系代词指物时只能用 which,指人时只能用 whom,都不可用 that代替。

当先行词有下列三种情况时,定语从句通常用关系代词 that 引导:

  1. 当先行词有最高级形容词修饰时,其后的定语从句常用 that 引导。

  2. 当先行词有表示「惟一」概念的形容词修饰(如 the only, the very, the first, the last等)时,其后的定语从句常用 that 引导。

  3. 当先行词之前有不定代词all, any, every, no, little 等修饰,或者先行词本身就是不定代词all, anything anybody, everything, everybody, nothing, nobody 等的时候,其后的定语从句常用that 引导。

Exercise 62

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 你在路上遇到的那个陌生人是世界著名的歌唱家。

  2. 我想见一见你刚才谈起的那个人。

  3. (那些)有自行车的人可以骑自行车去。没有车的人可以坐公共汽车去。

  4. 约翰·肯尼迪(John Kennedy)是美国最年轻的总统,他的名字为大多数美国人所熟悉。

  5. 这是我们都感兴趣的一个题目。

  6. 人们都在谈论今天早晨发生的那场事故。

  7. 他已经做了他能够做的一切。

  8. 我将把我所知道的每一件事都告诉你。

参考答案

  1. The stranger(whom)you met on the way is a world-famous singer.

  2. I』d like(want)to see the man of whom you talked just now.

  3. Those who have got bikes may go by bike. Those who haven』t got bikes may go by bus.

  4. John Kennedy was the youngest president in America, whose name is known to most Americans.

  5. This is a subject which we are interested in.

  6. People are talking about the accident which happened this morning.

  7. He has done all(that)he can do.

  8. I will tell you everything(that)I know.

【句型63】先行词+prep.+which/whom+从句

【佳句存盘】

1. The child with whom you talked just now is the monitor.

刚才跟你谈话的那个孩子是班长。

2. This is the workshop in which he used to work.

这是他过去常常工作的车间。

3. He teaches in a school, at the back of which there is a river.

他在一所学校教书,学校后面有条河。

4. In our class there are 63 students, of whom near 40 come from the country.

我们班有六十三名学生,其中将近四十名来自农村。

【写作点津】

介词(短语)后的关系代词指物时只能用 which,指人时只能用 whom,都不可用 that代替。

Exercise 63

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 这就是我们曾经谈起过多次的那个人。

  2. 我们班有56名学生,其中35名是男生。

  3. 这就是他出生的那家医院。

  4. 书店是一个人们可以从里面买书的商店。

  5. 她说到过一本杂志,其名称我忘记了。

参考答案

  1. This is the man of whom we talked several times.

  2. In our class there are 56 students, of whom 35 are boy students.

  3. This is the hospital in which he was born.

  4. A bookshop is a shop from which people can buy books.

  5. She mentioned a magazine, the title of which I』ve forgotten.

【句型64】such/the same...as+从句

【佳句存盘】

1. Such people as you described are rare now.

(像)你所描述的那样的人现在很少有了。

2. Children should read such books as are recommended to them by their teachers. 小孩子应该读他们老师所推荐的那些书。

3. I like the same music as you(do). 我喜欢的音乐跟你喜欢的一样。

4. It』s not the same bag as I lost. 这个袋子同我丢失的袋子不一样。

【写作点津】

such...as 作「好像……那(这)样的」解,the same...as作「与(跟)……一样」解。这两个结构中的 as都是关系代词,引导一个定语从句,修饰它的先行词,同时在从句中充当主语或宾语。

Exercise 64

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 像你刚才唱的歌现在很流行。

  2. 请送给我们一些像你昨日送来的那种苹果。

  3. 他喜欢我妈妈做的那样的食物。

  4. 他的感觉同我的感觉一样。

  5. 这个项链跟她丢失的那个不一样。

参考答案

  1. Such songs as you just sang are very popular.

  2. Please send us such kind of apples as you did yesterday.

  3. He likes such food as my mother prepares.

  4. He has the same feeling as I have.

  5. This is not the same necklace as she lost.

其他常用句型

【句型65】...two...:one...,(and)the other/another...

【佳句存盘】

1. There are two books on the table: one is Chinese and the other is English.

桌上有两本书,一本是汉语,一本是英语。

2. Every time you breathe, you breathe two different breaths. You take in one and give out another.

每当你呼吸空气,有着两种不同的方式:一是吸进,一是呼出。

3. There are three balls. One is black and the others are white.

这里有三个球,一个是黑色的,另两个是白的。

【写作点津】

two表示提出了两件事或两个人,后面接着分别加以说明。在两者当中不限定先后次序,而是任意先指出一个加以说明,再说另一个。在第一个句子后面通常用冒号,也可用分号、句号。如果用句号,则 One用大写字母开头另起一句。由于这些词语在句中所担任的成分比较灵活,可以作主语、表语、定语或宾语,所以在句型中不标明句子成分,而只指出这些具有特征的词语。

Exercise 65

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 教室里有两个学生,一个是汤姆,另一个是玛丽。

  2. 当你去李甜甜家的时候,你会看见两只猫,一只是白色的,一只是黑色的。

  3. 你有两种选择,一是去,二是留下来。

  4. 世上有两种人,一种是好人,另一种是坏人。

  5. 他们有两个孩子,一个在北京,另一个在上海。

参考答案

  1. There are two students in the classroom:one is Tom and the other,Mary.

  2. When you go to Li Tiantian』s you』ll find two cats:one is white and the other,black.

  3. You have two choices:one is to go, the other is to stay.

  4. There are two kinds of men:one is good and the other, bad.

  5. They have two children:one is in Beijing and the other, in Shanghai.

【句型66】...one(thing)...,(and/but)... another...

【佳句存盘】

1. To say is one thing, but to do is another.

说是一回事,可是做又是一回事。

2. It is one thing to learn, and another to teach.

学习是一回事,教是另一回事。

3. To know is one thing, to practise is another.

懂得是一回事,实行起来又是一回事。

4. I can』t go. For one thing, I have no money; for another, I have no time.

我去不成。一则没钱,再则没有时间。

5. I don』t want to buy the coat. For one thing, I don』t like the colour, and for another, the price is too high.

我不想买这件外衣。一来我不喜欢这个颜色,再说价格也太贵了。

【写作点津】

本句型中的两件事物表面看来相似,而实有差别,往往含有「对比」的意味。汉语常译作「……(是)一回事,……(是)另一回事」或「……(是)一个方面,而 ……(是)另一个方面」。第二分句前可用连词,也可不用连词;对比意义较强的用 but 连接,不太强的用 and。

Exercise 66

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 做这件工作是一回事,不做又是另一回事。

  2. 听说是一回事,相信又是另一回事。

  3. 去那儿是一回事,不去又是另一回事。

  4. 理解是一回事,误解又是另一回事。

  5. 哭是一回事,笑又是另一回事。

参考答案

  1. To do this work is one thing, but not to do it is another.

  2. Hearing is one thing, believing is another.

  3. To go there is one thing, but not to go is another.

  4. Understanding is one thing, but misunderstanding is another.

  5. Crying is one thing, smiling is another.

【句型67】On(the)one hand...,and on the other(hand)...

【佳句存盘】

1. On the one hand, I am your teacher, and on the other, I am also your friend.

一方面我是你的老师,另一方面,我也是你的朋友。

2. On the one hand, you shouldn』t be shy, on the other hand, you mustn』t forget your manners.

一方面你不应当拘束,另一方面也不要放肆无礼。

3. On the one hand, there must be great enthusiasm in work, and on the other, labour must be alternated with rest.

既要有冲天干劲,又要劳逸结合。

【写作点津】

本句型多指一件事物的两个方面。在结构上注意:on the one hand 和 and on the other,一般是作插入语看待的,前后要用逗号隔开,on the other hand 如在句末,则前面可以不用逗点。 on the other hand 还可另起一句。

Exercise 67

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 一方面我是你的父亲,另一方面我也是你的朋友。

  2. 一方面你们是朋友,另一方面你们又是竞争对手。

  3. 一方面你要努力工作,另一方面你又要放松。

  4. 一方面你要满足孩子物质上的需要,另一方面你也要教他怎样做人。

  5. 失败有时是坏事,有时也是好事。

参考答案

  1. On the one hand, I』m your father, and on the other hand, I am also your friend.

  2. On the one hand, you are friends, on the other, you are enemies.

  3. On the one hand, you should work hard, and on the other hand, you should also relax.

  4. On the one hand, you should offer your son money, and on the other hand, you should also tell him how to act.

  5. On the one hand, failure is bad, and on the other hand, it is also good.

【句型68】Some...,(and)some/others...

【佳句存盘】

1. Some say yes, and some say no.

有人说对,有人说不对。

2. Everyone of us has an engine, it is the brain. Some people can use it, some people cannot.

每个人都有一部机器,这就是大脑。有些人会用它,有些人不会用。

3. Some like to play football, others are fond of basketball.

有些人喜欢踢足球,有些人喜欢打篮球。

4. After we finish school, some of us will enter the universities to study, some of us will work in the factories; some of us will go to the countryside, and some of us will be PLA men.

我们当中有些人将升入大学,有些人将进工厂,有些人去农村,有些人参军。

【写作点津】

本句型主要是用以分别列举一些人做什么事,这是最常用的方式,只列举两部分人。汉语常译作「有人……,有人……」。如果有第三部分人需要说明,可在others 后面加「and still others」;如果有四部分人需要分别说明,最好重复使用第一式,即「Some...,some...;Some ...,and some...」。

Exercise 68

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 有些同学是正确的,有些同学是错误的。

  2. 有些人想去野餐,有些人想开个晚会。

  3. 有些人富有,有些人贫穷。

  4. 有些花是红的,有些花是黄的。

  5. 有些人在一棵大树下面做游戏,有些人围着圆圈在跳舞;另一些人在湖上划船,还有一些人在操场上唱歌。

参考答案

  1. Some students are right, and some are wrong.

  2. Some persons want to have a picnic, others want to have a party.

  3. Some people are rich, some are poor.

  4. Some flowers are red, others are yellow.

  5. Some are playing games under a big tree. Some are dancing in a ring. Others are rowing on the lake, and still others are singing on the playground.

【句型69】...first/firstly/one...,second/secondly/two...,third/thirdly/three...,lastly/four...

【佳句存盘】

1. First, I wish both of you good health. Second, I wish both of you success in your work; and third, I wish both of you good luck in everything.

第一、祝你俩身体健康;第二、祝你俩工作好;第三、祝你俩一切顺利。

2. Tom Brown is well known in this city. Firstly he has been a member of the city council for many years. Secondly, and far more importantly, he is a football player of national reputation. 汤姆·布朗是这个城市有名的人物。第一他做过多年的市议会议员;第二,更重要的是,他是全国有名的足球队员。

【写作点津】

本句型用以表示叙事的先后顺序,也可用以表示层次,意思是「第一、……;第二、……;第三、……;最后……」。 「第一」常用 first,很少用 firstly。在叙事中也可省略first,第二点用 second,在实际语言中可灵活运用,不一定完全受句型的约束。表次第的词语还有用 「The first point」,「The second point」……,「The final point」即「第一点、第二点、……最后一点」。

Exercise 69

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 作为一名军人,第一你必须服从命令,第二必须服从命令,第三还是必须服从命令。

  2. 玛丽有三个孩子,第一个是女孩,第二个是女孩,第三个还是女孩。

  3. 如果你想成功,第一奋斗,第二奋斗,第三还是奋斗。

  4. 一个人想过一种幸福的生活,必须的三件事就是:第一金钱,第二成功,第三梦想。

  5. 为了真正获得胜利,我们需要什么呢?我们需要三件东西:第一是武装,第二是武装,第三也还是武装。

参考答案

  1. As a soldier, first you should obey rules;second, you should obey rules; and third, you should also obey rules.

  2. Mary has three children, first girl;second girl;third also girl.

  3. If you want to succeed you should do these things, first work hard;second work hard;third work hard again.

  4. It is very necessary for a man to lead a happy life, the first point, money, the second point, success, the third point, dream.

  5. What do we need in order to really win? We need three things: first—arms, second—arms,third—arms and arms again!

【句型70】First/At first/First of all...,then/soon/later/lately...,finally/at last...

【佳句存盘】

1. First think, then speak. 先思考,后说话。

2. At first you may find it hard, but it will soon become easy.

起初你将感到困难,但不久就会觉得容易。

3. I think this first day of our vacation is going to be very enjoyable for us. We』ll first play a game of tennis. Afterwards we』ll take a shower. Then we』ll do some sun-bathing on the beach. Finally, we』ll take a walk into town.

我设想假期的第一天便将是我们最愉快的一天。我们首先是打一阵网球,接着我们去淋浴,然后在海岸上进行日光浴,最后我们步行进城。

【写作点津】

本句型主要用于表示叙事的先后顺序。汉译一般均可作「首先……;然后……;其次……;再次……;最后……」。可以只说明两件事,常用「first...then...」;也可用「first...soon」等;超出两项以上的才用 at last 或finally。句型中的词语一般都可以交错使用,中间各项也可以不用其他词语,仅用 then一词重复使用。

Exercise 70

Put the following sentences into English.

  1. 当你吃饭的时候,要先用刀,后用叉。

  2. 先拿出书,再翻开,然后阅读。

  3. 作为一名学生,首先要知道学什么,然后是怎样学,最后好好学。

  4. 他首先到巴黎,然后到伦敦,后来拿定主意再到巴黎,最后决定回家。

  5. 第一用感官,其次用记忆,最后则用理解力和判断力。

参考答案

  1. When you have a meal, first you should use a knife, then a fork.

  2. First take out your book, then open it, finally read it.

  3. As a student,first you should know what you learn, later how to learn, at last work hard.

  4. First he goes to Paris, then he goes to London,then he makes up his mind to go to Paris again,and then finally decides to come home.

  5. First, the senses are to be set to work; then, memory; and, at last,understanding and judgment.

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