用单词代替短语。如下面这些短语均可用括号中的词代替：from time to time(often)，It is clear that...(Clearly...)，draw a conclusion(conclude)，with anger(angrily)，of great importance(important)
He is blind (in both eyes).
In my opinion, (I think) your plan is feasible.
The desk is round (in shape) and red (in color).
It was a rainy day, (cloudy and humid).
I shall accompany my mother (by going with her) to the market.
He likes English very much and I(like English very much), too.
Without air, the night time would be very cold and the days(would be)very hot.
Reading makes a full man, conference(makes)a ready man, and writing(makes)an exact man.
１ Do you know the man who is speaking at the meeting?
→Do you know the man speaking at the meeting?
２ He suggested that he be sent to tend the sick.
→He suggested being sent to tend the sick.
３ Look out for cars while you are crossing the street.
→Look out for cars while crossing the street.
４ He attended the party though he was badly ill.
→He attended the party in spite of his illness.
He did not come to school because of his illness.→Illness pretended him from coming to school.
Take this medicine, and you will get well.→This medicine will make you well.
It seems that he is ill.→He seems to be ill.
(1)John told his classmate that he had passed the exam.
修正：John said to his classmate，「I(You)have passed the exam.」
１ He introduced me to the worker. He had looked after him when he was in hospital.
修正：He introduced me to the worker whom he had looked after in hospital.
或：He introduced me to the worker who had looked after him in hospital.
２ She found her in hospital when she woke up.
修正：She found herself in hospital when she woke up.
(2)At the age of five，my mother began to teach me to learn English.
修正：When I was five years old，my mother began to teach me to learn English.(改介词短语为状语从句)
或：At the age of five，I began to learn English from my mother.(改主句主语)
１ After waiting for an hour or so，the bus arrived at last.
修正：After we had been waiting for an hour or so，the bus arrived at last.(改为状语从句)
２ Without your help，my English hasn』t been improved so rapidly.
修正：Without your help，I couldn』t have made so rapid progress in English.(改主句主语)
即使同一物体的不同名称含义也会有别。所以没有完全一样的同义词，用词不同，词义就会发生变化，甚至会造成错误用词。如：little, small, tiny。 a little boy与a small boy 含义有别，前者含有「可爱」之意，而后者却含有身材「瘦小」之意，a small but great man 可表一个身材瘦小的伟人，但a little but great man就不能成立。再例如：
原句：I am working hard and I wish that I could go to college.(劣)
修正：I am working hard and I hope that I can go to college.(优)
原句：I wish you could enjoy your stay here.(劣)
修正：I hope that you may have a pleasant time here.(或：May you have a pleasant time here!)(优)
１ The Forbidden City, which is famous all over the world, is located in the center of Beijing.
The Forbidden City, located in the center of Beijing, is famous all over the world.
２ Every visitor to Beijing will go to climb the Great Wall, one of the wonders of the world.
The Great Wall, which every visitor to Beijing will go to climb, is one of the wonders of the world.
这两句主从的变化使语句中心发生了变化。 １中的第一句侧重介绍紫禁城的位置，而第二句却侧重它在世界上的知名度。 ２中的第一句强调长城受游客的欢迎，而第二句则侧重介绍它是世界上的奇观之一。可见从属结构对语意的表达起到了十分重要的作用。
１ He has an ear for music, I think.
将 I think 置于句尾，似乎是说，最起码我认为是这样。如强调他确实有音乐天赋，最好改为下面的结构：
He has, I think, an ear for music.
２ He is neat, pleasant, and honest.
He is neat, honest, and pleasant.
In rushed the naughty boy.
With the black clouds came a shower.
The great poet was born poor, and poor he remained till death.
...that a government of the people, by the people, and for the people, shall not perish(灭亡)from the earth.Money is short, very short.We』ll come here no more. No more, no more, no more.
This is the very reason I want to kill you.
What on earth are you talking about?
She herself is to blame for the accident.
Do drop in the next time you come to China.
If I have any at all, I will lend you.
It is during my stay in China last summer that I got to know him.
Do you know the girl who is dressed in red?
Sorry, can you repeat it again?
Tom has been accepted into college and Jack has been accepted into college as well.
To my surprise, I was surprised to find no one there when I got there.
A teacher who has experience should have an idea about what he should do in such a condition.
The story I am going to tell you is a story that I heard from a man who is a friend of mine.
We started at 8︰00 a.m. in the morning and got there at 5︰00 p.m. in the afternoon.
He whispered to me in a low voice that he loved me.
Mrs Green is a woman of about sixty years of age.
Owing to the fact that I have a lot of work to do, it isn』t possible for me to accept your invitation to go to the cinema to see the film.
I hope this medicine will(cure/treat/heal)you of your cold.
I will never forget the(small/little)town I was brought up in.
No law will(permit/allow/let)the sale of such drugs.
I am sorry to hear that your father has(passed away/kicked the bucket).
He was(blamed/charged/accused)for being late at work.
My name is (Green Wang).
I have (never) met him before.
This is the (place I) got robbed the other day.
I got home (at 11︰00) yesterday.
I like to be with him. He is handsome. He is kind. He is (good-tempered).
The man I introduced to you yesterday is (clever).
(Come) to my party, please.
该句中定语从句可改为介词短语使句子变得更加简练，故该句可简化为：Do you know the girl in red?
repeat 与 again语义重复，可将 again去掉。
前后结构重复，可简化为：Tom has been accepted into college and Jack has, as well.
To my surprise 与 I was surprised 语义重复，可简化为：I was surprised to find no one there when I arrived.
该句可以采用结构简化的方式改写，简化为：An experienced teacher should know what to do in such a situation.
该句应采用结构简化的方式改写，简化为：I』m going to tell you a story I heard from a friend of mine.
a.m. 与 in the morning, p.m.与 in the afternoon同义重复，应将一部分删掉，简化为：We started at 8︰00 a.m. and got there at 5︰00 p.m. .
whisper in a low voice 语义重复，应将 in a low voice删掉。
sixty years of age 可简化为60。即：Mrs Green is a woman of 60./Mrs Green is a sixty-year-old woman.
该句中存在结构复杂和语义重复现象，可简化为：I have a lot of work to do and can』t accept your invitation to go to the cinema.
表示听到对方父亲去世的消息而感到悲痛，在这种情况下，kick the bucket显然是不得当的，应用 pass away。
可将划线部分提前：Green Wang is my name.
never 置于句首可表示强调：Never have I met him before.
place 前可加 very表示强调：This is the very place that I got robbed the other day.
本句可用强调句型：It was at 11︰00 that I got back home yesterday.
本句可采用层递法强调：I like to be with him. He is handsome, kind and good-tempered.
将一般置于句尾的成分置于句首，同样可起强调的作用：Clever, very clear is the man I introduced to you yesterday.
加强祈使句的语气可使用助动词：Do come to my party.