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Essay代写:如何用好【引用】与【换句话说】?

Dueduedue官方博客2018-03-15essay代写 479 0A+A-

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Quote, paraphrase, or don’t use「引用」与「换句话说」

What are quotations and paraphrases and why do writers employ them? The question is a good one. Some writers clearly haven't figured it out. A person is quoted or paraphrased because the person speaking is a relevant, authoritative voice. A quote is used because it is weighty or memorable. Paraphrasing occurs either as a succinct summary of something relevant, or because the paraphrase contains a key word or phrase, which is bracketed in quote marks for emphasis.

什么是引用,什么又是换句话说?为什么写作时要引用或换句话说?好问题,有些写作的人也还没弄清楚答案。引用某人的话,或换句话说,是因为那个人有地位、有权威;引用一句话,是因为那句话言之有理、过目难忘。换句话说则是简要介绍相关的重要论述,其中也可以包含关键的词句,并以引号括起、标明。

Always clearly attribute paraphrased or quoted material to its author, such as, “According to city historian Lee Chen,…” Attribution should be near the borrowed material to avoid confusion. Quotations should be exact and in proper context, whereas paraphrases obviously should not be word for word, but must be accurate in thrust and tone. And beware of writing sentences that duplicate a source's original structure; it is possible to plagiarize the construction of content.

引用他人文句或换句话说时,一定要明确写出原作者,例如:「城市史学家陈大年(并非特定人物名,暂称)说,…」。作者的名字和引用的段落不能相隔太远,以免混淆。引用必须一字不差,语境必须适切,而换句话说自然不能逐字抄袭,但主旨、语调必须一致。此外,句型也要小心不能和原文句型一模一样,否则就是抄袭原文结构。

You say, if quoting a source is fraught with so many dangers, why should I do it? You shouldn't, unless a paper will be weaker without attributed material. But it also is true that a paper will be weak if it contains too much borrowed material, even when attributed, so use only as much as necessary to document a point. Research uncovers worthy ideas and statements. Using them to buttress an argument in a paper is perfectly justified—so long as you don't try to steal them.

你可能觉得奇怪,既然引用文章要这样如履薄冰,为什么还要引用呢?说得没错,除非缺乏引证,论文会显得薄弱,否则就不需引用。不过,如果论文借用太多他人的文句,即使注明是引用,也会显得薄弱。因此,引用必须恰到好处,足以支持论点即可。研究的目的是发掘有价值的观点与理念,可以引经据典,支持论述,但可别不告而取。

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