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避免Essay代写抄袭:何为剽窃?

Dueduedue官方博客2018-03-14essay代写 439 0A+A-

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Know plagiarism when you see it 了解何为剽窃

First of all, the assumption is that no true scholar wants credit for another scholar's work. Such a desire nullifies any claim to being a scholar, after all, for a plagiarizer quite evidently has not learned enough to teach anyone anything. The root word of plagiary refers to kidnapping; there is no question that a plagiarist is a person trading in ill-gotten information. So every true researcher should be able to identify plagiarism and want to avoid it to ensure the integrity of a work.

首先,我们假设真正的学者不会侵占其他学者的心血,否则他就失去学者的资格;毕竟,如果一个人只会剽窃,他的学识必定不足以为人师。剽窃 (plagiary) 一词的词根意谓巧取豪夺,无疑地,剽窃者传递的知识都是以不正当的方式取得。因此,每个真正的研究者应该要能判别何为剽窃,并竭力避免,如此工作成果在道德诚信上才站得住脚。

Yet accidents happen. An academic project of any length has multiple entry points for inadvertent plagiarism by the most respected researcher. Such slip-ups—with the attendant embarrassment and professional penalties upon exposure—can be avoided if a researcher knows what constitutes plagiarism and maintains a guard against it. This presumes a scholar is not outright copying material or otherwise trafficking in forgery. For that, there is no hope.

不过,意外难免,一篇论文不论长短,即使由最德高望重的学者撰写,也有许多机会在无意间造成剽窃;这种行为如果一旦揭露,不仅作者无地自容,还会遭到学术惩处。如果研究者知道何谓剽窃,并戒慎警惕,这种错误就可以避免。前提是,学者并非直接抄袭他人作品,也未大量使用捏造资料,因为这种行为是无药可救的。

Plagiarism's danger area for honest researchers is about fully giving credit. When credit for authorship is insufficiently accorded, a reader attributes to the writer something properly attributed to someone else. This can happen through incomplete quotations, or paraphrases that really are exact quotes, or from some other failure to fully identify a source. It is critical that a researcher separate original and borrowed ideas by clearly declaring the latter. Know your mind.

对诚实的研究者而言,剽窃最可能发生在未充分说明资料出处时。未充分注明出处,读者可能把应归功给原作者的内容归功给其他人;这种情况包括引用不完全、应换句话说时却照抄原文,或者未充分注明资料来源。研究者一定要分清自己原创的想法,与借用自他人的想法,若为借用,必须明确说明。你必须能掌握自己的思想。

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