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英国Essay代写:如何使用介系词让语意明确?

Dueduedue官方博客2017-11-14essay代写 490 0A+A-

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在英文词类中,介系词的功用是帮助作者将概念、人物、地方及事情设在一地点、时间或空间中。常见的介系词包括:at、by、for、from、under、without、with、to、while、during、on。介系词的出现通常意味着一个片语的开始,而片语可为句子的主词及动词添加意思。因此,若要引导读者理解介系词片语的含意,选择正确的介系词十分重要。

在下列名词后使用for :

  • A check for (amount of money): She gave me a check for $50.

  • A demand for something: There wasn't enough demand for the product.

  • A need for something: In the class, a real need for discipline is evident.

  • A reason for doing something: I have a reason for doing that.

在下列名词后使用in:

  • A rise in something: A rise in prices has occurred.

  • A fall in something: A fall in prices affected the employees.

  • A decrease in something: We have seen decreases in production levels.

在下列名词后使用of:

  • A cause of something: She is the cause of all his problems.

  • A photograph or a picture of something or someone: He took a picture of the girl.

在下列名词后使用to:

  • The damage to something: I did a lot of damage to my car.

  • An invitation to an activity: We were invited to their wedding.

  • A reaction to something: Her reaction to his behavior was funny.

  • A solution to a problem: He provided the solution to our issue.

  • An attitude to something: Your attitude to your problems is lousy.

在下列名词后使用with:

  • A relationship with someone or something: The relationship with my dog is fun.

  • A connection with someone or something: His connection with the city is limited.

  • A contact with someone or something: Have you had contact with Sarah?

在下列名词后使用between:

  • A connection between two things: There is no connection between the two ideas.

  • A relationship between two things: The relationship between the two is strong.

  • A contact between two things: There is little contact between the two parents.

  • A difference between two things: There is no difference between those two colors.

使用适当的介系词

每个介系词对于开启下一个片语都有其特定意义。了解这些特定用法有助于写作者帮助读者理解文章内容。

  • IN

用于空间

  • In a garden

  • In a room

用于水体、水域

  • In the sea

  • In a river

用于线条

  • In a row

  • In a queue

用于静态(非动作性)动词及城市、国家、州等

  • Stay in Taiwan

  • Work in Taipei

用于月、年、一段时间

  • In April

  • In 2014

用于未来的一段时间

  • In a few weeks

  • In a few hours

  • AT

用于地点

  • At the bus-stop

  • At the door

用于页面上的位置

  • At the top

  • At the bottom

用于人群

  • At the back of the class

  • At the front of class

用于静态(非动作)动词及地点

  • At the cinema

  • At work

用于精确时间

  • At 10:30

  • At two pm

  • ON

用于表面

  • On the table

  • On the desk

用于小岛

  • On Maui

  • On Green Island

用于方向

  • On the left

  • One the right

用于周间日期

  • On Monday

  • On Tuesday

用于日历上特定日期

  • On Halloween

  • On October 29 th

  • TO

用于go、come、drive等动作动词

  • Go to work

  • Drive to Las Vegas

  • FOR

用于表示一段时间

  • For three weeks

  • For many months

  • WHILE

与动词形态一起使用

  • While I was watching TV

  • While I lived in New York

  • DURING

与名词一起使用以表示某事之发生

  • During class

  • During my vacation

注意事项 :

1. 房间的角落为「in the corner of a room」,街道的角落为「at the corner of a street」。

2. 建筑物的前方以「in the front of buildings」表达,后方以「at the back of buildings」表达。

3. 一张纸的正面以「on the front of a piece of paper」表达,背面以「on the back of a piece of paper」表达。

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