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如何才能写出有新意的文章?

Dueduedue官方博客2018-03-07essay代写 453 0A+A-

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QUESTION: I want to be an “original thinker” and to have it reflected in my writing. Yet when I read one of my finished papers, it doesn't seem original at all. What is the key to academic originality? 

我想成为「原创思考者」,写出有新意的文章。但是我重读旧作时却觉得它们尽是陈腔滥调、已过时了。什么才是学术原创性的关键呢?

We are veering into philosophy. A wise man long ago wrote that it is vain to believe that an “original thought” (or concept or statement) actually is original. The irony is that the wise man wrote down his observation as if it were something new! Perhaps he believed it needed repeating. The lesson there is that original truth indeed is quite rare, but rediscovered truth also is worthy of exposition. 

这个问题就涉及哲学领域了。很久以前,有个聪明人曾经写道,认为自己的「原创思考」(或是原创概念、原创宣言等)绝具创意,其实是相当自以为是的论调。讽刺的是,这位智者仍然慎重其事地写出自己的观察与感想,仿佛里头确实有着丝毫新意!也许他认为这个看法值得重复一遍吧。但我们从中学到一件事,真正原创的想法其实相当罕见,但事实的重新探究亦具有重读的价值。

So in your papers, strive to produce something insightful, if not revelatory. Start at the earliest of stages—during topic selection. If a subject seems to have been examined from every angle, choose another one. Or when a topic is assigned, choose a proposition least visited by previous writers, and then rigorously dig into it. Academic writers who are willing to break ground in topic selection and research are more apt to produce a paper that breaks ground in its conclusions. 

若是无法写出全新的见解,至少可以努力于文章中提出令人印象深刻的想法。努力的起点就在首要阶段—选择题目。如果主题似乎已从各个角度被探讨过,那就另起炉灶、重拟一个。倘若教授指定某个主题,作者应从最少被讨论过的论点出发与进行深入研究。从事学术研究的作者,越是愿意打破选题与研究的窠臼与框架,越能写出发前人之所未见的主张与结论。

Finally, strive for originality in writing the paper. Even a tired topic or thesis has some hope of redemption if it is couched in fresh language. This means banning clichés and overused phrases, and using crisp, active language containing engaging imagery and lucid description. If there is a “key” to originality, it is to cultivate personal independence in thinking and writing. Think independently. Reject copycat language. Take the initiative. Be yourself. You are an original, aren't you? 

最后,请努力在写作时创造独特与新意。就算主题是老生常谈,只要技巧性的使用新颖、生动的语句,此文章仍拥有独具一格的新价值。换句话说,应避免随处可见、俯拾即是的陈腐滥调,尽量使用简洁、主动的语词,并且搭配引人入胜的意境与清晰的叙述。如果真有通往「原创性」的关键,那就是多培养个人的独立思考与写作风格。思考独立,戒除盲目模仿语句;采取主动,保有自我特色。毕竟「你」才是文章中最原创的部分,不是吗?

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