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Essay代写:including和such as如何正确使用?

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「Such as 和including之间有什么差别?」

回答:

本周的电子报要带您了解:如何在句子中正确使用such as和including?

Such as和including的用法常任意的交错使用,这是因为所举的例子常被包含在某较大范围的群组中。事实上,including与inclusion的概念相似,而such as则是用来引介范例,两者之间仍有些微的差异。

标点符号用法:当在较大范围的群组后使用including时,需在including前方加上逗号。

Example:

She has many powerful friends , including an ex-cabinet member and a high court judge.

此处提及的二人是较大的群组「powerful friends」的成员之一,该较大范围群组的其他成员则不需要与其二人隶属于相同类别。

Examples:

  • I have only ten more days , including weekends, to get my house painted.

  • Everybody is upset with me , including my dog.

只有在including 表示「将…纳入考虑时(if/when we include)」的意思时,including才能出现在主要子句之前。

Example:

Including taxes and airport fees, the fare is still quite reasonable.

Such as有点不同,其功能与including相似,最大的差别在于,such as是用来引介在同一类别、人事物分类之中的成员,提出较大类别中的单一或多个范例。

标点符号用法:使用such as引介某类别中的范例时,通常会在such as前方加逗号。

Examples:

  • She has made a great many people nervous , such as her grandmother, her uncles, and her husband-to-be.

  • Our nursery offers a large selection of fruit trees , such as peach, plum, and apple.

  • Several long-time friends of the groom , such as his two college roommates and his football buddy Jake, were surprised that he actually went through with the ceremony.

有时候,such as 会带出一整个子句,此时意指「这种的…(of a/the kind that)」。表示此语意时,such as前不加逗号。

Examples:

  • This will be a disaster such as the world has never seen.

  • Countries such as Sweden have a long record of welcoming refugees from all over the world.

  • Car companies such as Toyota and Ford manufacture their automobiles in many different countries around the world.

值得一提的是,including 和such as都可以与另一个相似的片语for example结合:

Examples:

  • The University also has many years of experience in providing undergraduate and postgraduate programs in related areas including , for example , those provided mainly through the Faculties of Informatics, Business and Management, and engineering.

  • Some people might want to consider the political figure who made the greatest positive impact, such as , for example , United States President John F. Kennedy.

Including和such as虽然常常可以交互使用,但有时候并不尽然,使用时请务必要多注意。

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