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Essay代写:如何精确使用片语?

Dueduedue官方博客2018-03-13essay代写 443 0A+A-

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如何使用精确片语?

写作学术文章若能恰当使用精确的片语,能使文章更简洁、减少字数,让读者更容易理解。下列句中时间片语并不精确,要如何精确使用片语,才能让此句更精简有力?

题目 Contest Sentence:

“For more than three decades, the U.S. space shuttle program gave American astronauts and scientists a reliable vehicle for conducting orbital explorations.”

正确解答 Answer: We believe the best revision is…We believe the best revision is… “For 30 years, the U.S. space shuttle program gave American astronauts and scientists a reliable vehicle for conducting orbital explorations.”

我们相信最佳写法应为We believe the best revision is… “For 30 years, the U.S. space shuttle program gave American astronauts and scientists a reliable vehicle for conducting orbital explorations.”

This suggested revision reduces the word count to 20 from 22, which doesn't seem like much perhaps. However, it also reduces the character count to 120 from 133, which is nearly 10 percent lower. A 10 percent shorter paper is measurably and significantly more concise. While the worth of a paper is not measured in total characters or pages or pounds, neither is it characterized by verbosity, long words, or imprecise language. Brevity, in the end, is mostly measured in the satisfaction of reader and writer .

照着建议修改片语措辞后,字数由 22 个字降为 20 个字,看来或许不多,但字母数从 133 降为 120,减少将近百分之十。文章字数减少百分之十,显然更为简洁。虽然文章好坏不能从总字母数、页数或书本重量衡量,但冗长、用字多而不精确,无法成就一篇好文章。用字是否简洁,多半可从读者与作者是否满意文章看出来。

The sentence as originally written is accurate. To be exact, space shuttles roared into space for three decades, two months and 26 days, the last flight occurring in July of this year. Yet in the context of this sentence, such detail would serve no purpose. It is accurate enough to stipulate that the shuttles flew “for 30 years.” One of the judgments academic writers must make on every page of every paper they write is how to balance the amount of detail with the pace and flow of the narrative .

原本的句子没有错误;精确来说,太空梭升空的历史已经有三十年两个月又二十六天,最近一次发射在今年七月。不过在本句中,这些细节并没有意义,只需说明太空梭历史有「三十年」就够了。作者在写作学术论文时,每一页都得判断如何平衡细节多寡与叙事的节奏与连贯。

The other element in precise phrasing is research. Research adds to knowledge of a subject and knowledge contributes to brevity. Were a paper referring to economic activity in Zhuhai, there would be no benefit in writing “on the southern coast of China north of Macau… ” when research produces a pinpoint reference—“in Zhuhai” or “in Guangdong Province.” Imprecise phrases often are the result of inadequate or lazy research, which an alert professor will quickly pick up on and mark down.

想要精确使用片语/词组必须先进行一番研究,以便更了解主题,让用字更简洁。例如文章若提到珠海的经济活动,多作一些研究能让写作更精确,不必写「在中国南岸、澳门北方…」,直接点出「在珠海」或「在广东省」即可。片语/词组用字的不精确,多半来自于研究不确实或马虎,机敏的教授一眼就能看穿,直接记上一笔。

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