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英语【论文代写】提醒:经常容易忽略的6个常见错误!

Dueduedue官方博客2017-07-28文书修改 611 0A+A-

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Dueduedue今天要来分享比较困难但很实用的内容,也就是多数人在英文写作上常常发生的错误,试着练习阅读错误写作范例,思考更流畅有效的写法并抓住写作的重点。就可以同时避免小错误,又可以让自己的英文写作有效进步喔!

建议大家看完原始版本以后,先想想看有什么问题,如果是你会怎么修正,再去看修正版本,这样可以确保自己有在思考,也比较能够帮助你的英文进步喔!

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六个常见的写作错误!准备好了吗?要花点时间阅读喔!

一、片断的句型(Sentence Fragments):

要确保自己所使用的逗号能串连两个文法正确、意思表达完整的句型,也要小心口语上虽然是两句话,但其实是要用逗号连结的情况。

原始版本: 

Tests of the Shroud of Turin have produced some curious findings. For example, the pollen of forty-eight plants native to Europe and the Middle East.

修正版本: 

Tests of the Shroud of Turin have produced some curious findings. For example, the cloth contains the pollen of forty-eight plants native to Europe and the Middle East.

原始版本:

Scientists report no human deaths due to excessive caffeine consumption. Although caffeine does cause convulsions and death in certain animals.

修正版本:

Scientists report no human deaths due to excessive caffeine consumption, although caffeine does cause convulsions and death in certain animals.

二、拗口的句型(Sentence Sprawl):

有时候我们常常因为中文的「因为...所以...」就直接把Because...so...这类同个「等级」的连接词,用在同一个句子中,或者是连结了过长的句子,这都会让英文读者觉得很疲累。

原始版本:

The hearing was planned for Monday, December 2, but not all of the witnesses could be available, so it was rescheduled for the following Friday. [这句话本身文法没有错误,但是阅读起来却十分的拗口不顺]

修正版本:

The hearing, which had been planned for Monday, December 2, was rescheduled for the following so that all witnesses would be able to attend.

三、错置的或者是不恰当的修饰(Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers):

要记得你用的修饰句要考进你所要描述的主词,也要确保你的修饰句在讲的那个目标有出现在文章或句子中喔!

原始版本:

When writing a proposal, an original task is set for research (这proposal是谁写的?)

修正版本:

When writing a proposal, a scholar sets an original task for research.

四、结构不平行(Faulty Parallelism):

1.写作的时候要注意前后的句子所使用的时态、句型都要是一致的2.当你要举例的时候,举的例子要是在同样的结构下才不会让人觉得奇怪,例如早餐有豆浆、油条、蛋饼;跟早餐有豆浆、蛋饼、美式早餐(美式早餐是早餐的类型、但是豆浆跟油条是早餐的项目)

原始版本:

The candidateʼs goals include winning the election, a health program, and education.

修正版本:

The candidateʼs goals include winning the election, enacting a national health program, and improving the educational system. (因为后面虽然是接三个名词,但是他们前面的动词都不相同,所以要记得把动词放到这个平行结构中)

原始版本:

Some critics are not so much opposed to capital punishment as postponing it for so long.

修正版本:

Some critics are not so much opposed to sentencing convicts to capital punishment as they are to postponing executions for so long.

五、代名词不清楚(Unclear Pronoun Reference):

使用代名词可以让阅读的人更加轻松易懂,但是如果使用错误或是不够清楚,就会让人觉得很疑惑。

原始版本:

Einstein was a brilliant mathematician. This is how he was able to explain the workings of the universe.

修正版本:

Einstein, who was a brilliant mathematician, used his quantitative ability to explain the workings of universe. (原先的This 并不知道他指的是什么)

原始版本:

Because Senator Martin is less interested in the environment than in economic development, she sometimes neglects it.

修正版本:

Because of her interest in economic development, Senator Martin sometimes neglects the environment.(原本的it容易让人搞不清楚是environments 还是economic development)

六、代名词的单复数与名词要一致(Pronoun Agreement):

这是很容易忽略的小地方,代名词的作用是可以让名词可以不用一直重复出现,可是如果单复数没有使用正确的话,很容易会让人疑惑。

原始版本:

When a candidate runs for office, they must expect to have their personal life scrutinized.

修正版本:

When candidates run for office, they must expect to have their personal lives scrutinized.

原始版本:

According to tenets of the “new urbanism,” everyone needs to consider the relationship of their house to the surrounding community.

修正版本:

According to tenets of the “new urbanism,” everyone needs to consider the relationship of his or her house to the surrounding community.(前面的everyone 后面可不是接their喔!)

恭喜你完成啰!一段练习之后就要给自己一些小小的鼓励啦!希望在这六项小错误的练习中,能够让你在下次英文写作的时候,可以更有效地写出流畅、易读的文章,让我们一起加油吧!

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英语论文代写
英国论文代写
美国论文代写
澳洲论文代写
加拿大论文代写
英文文章代写
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