Dueduedue官方博客
扫描关注Dueduedue官方博客

扫描添加微信客服

Paper代写:如何仔细修改已完成的论文?

Dueduedue官方博客2018-03-07paper代写 525 0A+A-

1.jpg

Carefully proofread a completed paper 仔细修改已完成的论文

At this point, all the hardest work of a paper is behind a writer. The research. The writing. The thorough and formal citation. All the stylistic questions have been answered, all the technical concerns addressed. The paper as an academic product is virtually complete. Yet what remains to be done can mean the difference between the paper being admired, and the paper being scorned. 

在此刻,论文作者已经完成了所有最困难的步骤。研究已完成、论文已写好、引用资料也按照规定格式加注。写作风格的问题都已解决,技术的问题也已处理,学术论文此时基本上已算完成,但剩下的工夫将可决定这篇论文究竟会赢得赞赏,或是遭人蔑视。

Before taking this next step, however, a writer should shelve the paper for an hour, or a day, or a week, depending upon how much time has been allowed. Writers who are wise stewards of their resources, including time, give themselves this walk-away period to rest their brains and eyes. When they return, they will come nearer reading the paper as a stranger—or a professor—might. 

在进行下一个步骤前,作者应将论文收到抽屉里,一小时、一天、或是一整个星期都好,时间长度视作者有多少余裕而定。只要懂得聪明分配现有资源与时间,一定能安排一段时间空档抽离论文写作的环境,好让脑子与眼睛休息一下。当重新取出论文时,就能以陌生读者—或是教授—的眼光重新审视文章。

This next step is called proofreading. The printing term refers to when an early version of printed matter is printed and closely examined to prove to a printer's satisfaction that no errors exist. If errors are found, they are corrected and another “proof” printed. Similarly, an academic writer should examine a paper closely and correct it as necesary before printing out a final copy. 

接下来的步骤称为修改。这个用词原本使用于印刷业,主要是将欲大量印刷的内容先印出初稿,仔细校对,直到印刷内容确定没有错误为止。期间一旦找出错误,进行更正后另外印出一份文稿再行校对。同理,学术论文的作者也应仔细校对论文,若发现错误,赶紧予以更正,最后再印出完稿。

What errors are sought? Misspellings, such as the intentional one in the previous paragraph! (Did you spot it? “Necessary” needs a second “s.”) Repeated words (“the the”). Errant capitalization. Faulty punctuation. Irregular spacing. Mislabeled lists or misnumbered pages. These are all mechanical mistakes discoverable by anyone willing to patiently, methodically review the text. 

我们所讨论的是哪些潜在的错误呢?例如,拼字错误,像是上一段刻意打错的错字(你发现了吗?Necessary应该有两个s)、重复的字眼(如连续打了两个the)、不当的字首大写、错误的标点、不规则的空白、目录或列表标示错误、页码错误等。这些都是技术上的小失误,只要愿意耐心订正文章,任何人都可以将它们找出来。

The next level of scrutiny required for clean copy centers on flawed or weak grammar. The more grammatical knowledge a writer has, the greater the chance of discovering an incorrectly used word, a poorly composed phrase, or an awkwardly structured sentence. In respect to the latter, here is a tip: If a sentence cannot be read smoothly, without stumbling, it should be rewritten. 

欲达到论文的完稿状态,下一个步骤是找出文法的错误及表达不周全的地方。作者的文法知识越丰富,就越能找出误用的字词、累赘的片语或是结构失当的句子。这里有个找出不当句型的小技巧:如果某个句子让你舌头打结,没办法流畅地念出来,这个句子就应该重写。

The last proofing step is conceptual in scope. Does it hang together? Is there unity in its writing? Does it progress from introduction to conclusion, with the latter affirming the former? These questions should have been answered earlier, but the final proof of a paper's conceptual integrity is in the finished product. Is the paper coherent, structurally sound and error-free? If not, re-do it. 

修改的最后步骤与论文本身的立论概念有关。文章的内容是否紧密关连?写作风格是否统一?能否流畅地从前言推展到结论,并且以结论呼应前言的论点?这些问题或许在更早的撰写阶段就应处理,但只有到全文修订完毕后,我们才能真正判断文章是否有效整合所有的论点与资讯。总之,我们必须扪心自问,论文是否前后语法与想法统一,结构完整没有错误。如果答案为否,没有二话,再把文章重新修改一遍。

Dueduedue服务-【essay代写】【paper代写】全球在线写作中心

文章关键词
paper论文修改
paper修改
paper写不完
paper难写
paper找人代写
paper修改推荐
发表评论